Movie Review: Never Say Never Again (James Bond)

Never Say Never Again (1983) Movie Poster
We’ve done a lot of James Bond posts, particularly on the movies. One film we’ve neglected to discuss thus far, however, was 1983’s Never Say Never Again.

There are (currently) 23 movies officially sanctioned by the original and subsequently official  James Bond franchise. However, there have been two other films and one TV show that also have featured our international spy hero. The TV show was a telling of the Casino Royale story (available on Netflix) as an episode of a CBS series called Climax! It was aired in 1954. The Casino Royale name also was used for a parody that really had nothing to do with the James Bond series other than the name of the film, the name of the character, and some elements of international spy-hood. Casino Royale (1967) was a big budget, big cast mess that had its funny moments, but like so many of the 1960’s sexy comedies, wore out its welcome. The Austin Powers movies owe a lot to the slapstick of this movie.

Casino Royale Movie, 1967, poster

The movie may have been a disappointment, but the poster girl was super-sexy. Right on!

The major coup of the film was that the creators were able to sign Sean Connery to play the part of James Bond. Connery was 52 at the time of filming and while there are several references to the fact that his character is aging, Bond still has plenty of life left in him. The action and sex are more exhilarating than the other James Bond film released that year: Octopussy (which, incidentally, is the first and only time we will ever see James Bond dressed as a clown; Ian Fleming was rolling in his grave).

Octopussy and Never Say Never Again, two James Bond movies from 1983

In the standard canon, the film Thunderball story had a unique birth. It was written by Ian Fleming but unlike his other stories, it was created through collaboration and was originally scripted to become a screenplay for a film. It was temporarily shelved until Harry Saltzman’s and Albert R. Broccoli’s production company, Eon Productions, resuscitated it for the 1965 film. One of the writers, Kevin McClory, sued Fleming (and won) to retain rights to the story. Eon worked out a deal to move forward with Thunderball but MClory was allowed create his own treatment for future projects. And so, Never Say Never Again was born.

Thunderball movie (1965), James Bond

Both Thunderball and Never Say Never Again were based on the same screenplay, Longitude 78 West, by Ian Fleming, Kevin McClory, Jack Whittingham, Ivar Bryce and Ernest Cuneo.

Sean Connery in Thunderball and Never Say Never Again

The film has a distinctive feel to it. There’s no mistaking that it is a Bond movie, but there’s a certain mood that gives it an edgier (in 1983) feel to it than the Eon productions. Never Say Never Again received praise from both critics and audiences at the time and  managed to be a huge success at the box office. It grossed $160 million worldwide on a budget of $36 million.  Unfortunately, it hasn’t aged any better than the other Bond films and has settled into middling acceptance from current users and critics. It also has the misfortune of being compared to the outstanding Thunderball film released nearly two decades earlier, rather than being taken in its own right.

Barbara Carerra and Sean Connery from Never Say Never Again

This seemed like a funny idea when we started out. Eh. Not sure it was worth the effort, but since we made it, here it is. That’s Barbara Carerra on the left wearing Sean Connery on her lady boobs. That’s Sean Connery on the right wearing Desmond LLewelyn and Donald Pleasance on his man boobs.

Never Say Never Again (1983) James Bond Movie

Here’s our review.

The Good:  It’s a smaller film than most Bond movies. The budget was sparse and it didn’t have the powerhouse presence of the Eon Bonds, but that actually made it more interesting to us. As we mentioned above, it felt like a fresh alternative to the Roger Moore era movies and compared to the outrageous Octopussy that was released the same year, it was by the superior film.  In terms of casting, high marks are deserved for three main players.

Sean Connery in Never Say Never AgainRoger Moore is three years older than Sean Connery and looked as old as his age in 1983. On the other hand, Sean managed to look like a James Bond that is only slightly past his prime. There are several references to Bond’s age throughout the film but that doesn’t stop him from salacious behavior and serious fighting ability.
Klaus Maria Brandauer  in Never Say Never AgainKlaus Maria Brandauer as Maximilian Largo is brilliant, suave, irrationally jealous, and totally off his rocker with heady megalomania. Klaus’ Largo was just about as opposite as possible from Adolfo Celi’s Largo from Thunderball. We’re glad for that. Both were excellent in their own right. Loved him!

Barbara Carerra  in Never Say Never Again We mentioned in another post that Luciana Paluzzi’s Fiona was one of our favorite villains. She was a perfect femme fatale because she wasn’t affected by Bond’s charms. It’s the same with Fatima Blush (Barbara Carerra), albeit with a refreshingly distinct persona just like Brandauer’s Largo. Barbara plays Fatima fantastically as a certified malevolent nut job. Unlike a lot of Bond villainesses, Fatima is extremely unpredictable and dangerous.

Never Say Never Again, Fatima Blush

Fatima Blush is a bat-shit crazy Bond bitch that wears garbage bags as shirts. We love her.

Max Von Sydow as Blofeld, Edward Fox as M, and Rowan Atkinson as Nigel Small-Fawcett were also wonderful additions to the cast as were many of the others.

Max Von Sydow, Edard Fox, and Rowan Atkinson  in Never Say Never Again

The action is prevalent and the typical undertones of exotic places, outrageous escapes, and more money and power than seems possible make this a certified Bond. One of the most interesting scenes is a computer game of world domination played by Bond against Largo. It involves getting jolts of electricity of increasing severity through the joysticks if one is losing the game. We just can’t figure out how James Bond seems to be good at everything he does. What? Does Daniel Craig’s Bond destroy other gamers at night during Call of Duty binges?

Never Say Never Again, Bond vs. Largo

Kim Basinger, actress Never Say Never AgainThe Bad: The only obvious casting misstep was Kim Basinger as Domino Petachi. Kim’s Domino has no mystique, whereas Thunderball’s Domino (acted by Claudine Auger) looked the part. We like Kim well enough (she is a rather fetching woman, after all), but this role could have been played by someone more compatible with the look the name invokes, like, oh let’s see, how about someone that’s actually Italian.

Claudine Auger and Kim Basinger, Domino in Thunderball and Never Say Never Again

Claudine Auger looks the part as Domino in Thunderball. Kim Basinger looks lost in Never Say Never Again.

James Bond and Domino Patachi, characters in Never Say Never Again

Sadly, it is impossible to escape the film’s comparison to Thunderball. There are plenty of unique elements in the film but it’s still much the same story-wise. So, there’s almost a been-there-done-that sense as the one watches the film. And, as good as Never Say Never Again is, it’s just a good Bond story rather than a great one.

James Bond, Thunderball vs. Never Say Never Again

Sean Connery and Kim Basinger in Never Say Never Again

OK, not really the most flattering shot of Sean. Kim looks nice though.

The Ugly: Really nothing. This is by no means going to end up on a Top 10 List of Best James Bond movies, but it is far better than the horrible Bond movies of the later Moore period. By the way, take a look at our James Bond mini reviews when you’re done here.

Connery may have been a fading action spy hero, but it didn’t detract from the action. Adding in Klaus Maria and Barbara’s performances and we’re giving this film a thumbs up. If we add this to the Bond canon, we would put it a bit above the  middle of the list.

3.5 out of 5 stars

James Bond and Domino Patachi, action scene in Never Say Never Again

The Action!!!

James Bond in Never Say Never Again

The Thrills!!!

Never Say Never Again, Under Water Scene

The Chills!!!

Never Say Never Again, Domino Petachi, nipples, see through leotard

and … the Nipples??!!

James Bond Never Say Never Again Movie Poster

Top 10 James Bond Movie Villains, part 2

… and  here are the ones that didn’t make the cut. Following up on Top 10 James Bond Movie Villains, these are the villains that we would have like to include, but just couldn’t justify doing so given our criteria. Nonetheless, they deserve some accolades by the merits that they do have. So:

Robert Shaw as Grant in From Russia with Love1. Grant: The blond assassin played by Robert Shaw in From Russia With Love makes the list because he’s a super soldier that’s specially trained as a brutal KGB killer and he’s an all around bad man. He performs his sinister business with precision and antipathy. Grant is a formidable physical foe for James Bond. Grant’s downfall, ultimately, is that he just isn’t as clever and resourceful as James Bond. That and he allows his greed to get the better of him.

Christopher Walkin as Max Zorin in A View to a Kill2. Max Zorin: We likes us some Christopher Walken. He’s such a delightful weirdo. In A View to a Kill, he gets to play a zany madman with too much money and charisma, and a master plan to nuke the San Francisco area so he can cause a rift in the Hayward and San Andreas faults, flood Silicon Valley, and dominate the microchip marketplace. And who doesn’t love a villain that owns his own blimp, dammit. It’s a crazy good time!

Lotte Lenya as Rosa Klebb in From Russia with Love3. Rosa Klebb: Who knew that a small, ugly, mean KGB Colonel whose primary weapon is a pair of shoes could be such a threat, but Rosa uses what’s she’s got to get more of what she wants…something like that. With her awesome powers of seduction (ah? clever?), she is almost more than Bond can resist … forget it, we’re not going to go anywhere with this story. Leave us to say, Rosa is a dangerous toad. Perfectly cast with Lotte Lenya doing the favors in From Russia with Love.

Putter Smith (Kidd) and Bruce Glover (Wint) in Diamonds are Forever4. Wint and Kidd: OK, these guys aren’t anything major on the megalomaniac scale, but they make up for it in sadism and sheer creepiness.  Bruce Glover is a whole mess of strange (and we have to assume that this is in the genes since his spawn, Crispin, is also a freak). We really can’t tell if Putter Smith is a terrible actor or if he plays it aces high as a genuinely weird villain. Either way, we were distracted while watching Diamonds are Forever by these dangerous doofs and just couldn’t figure out what to think of them. For that, we give them a place on this list.

Yaphet Kotto as Kananga and Mr. Big in Live and Let Die5.  Kananga/Mr. Big: Here’s another weirdo masquerading as a villain with Yaphet Kotto playing the mysterious Kananga in Live and Let Die. It’s all well and good that Kananga proves to be a bad guy, but when he converts to Mr. Big (essentially a bad ass voodoo Mr. Hyde-like gangster), James Bond wonders when he gets to play with the Russians or S.P.E.C.T.R.E. again. By the way, we’re not going to give Baron Samedi his own place on this list, but he does deserve to get some airtime. Again, another voodoo freak and we like him particularly because of his voice. If any of you remember the vintage Seven-Up commercials with the big black man that says “Crisp and clean, and no caffeine. Never had it, never will. Ha, ha, ha,” you’ll recognize that the actor, Geoffrey Holder, was the same guy that played the witch doctor in LALD.

Scaramanga (The Man with the Golden Gun) and Hugo Drax (Moonraker) made the bottom of our “best villains” list but mostly because they were played by actors we like — Christopher Lee and Michael Lonsdale, respectively. We don’t care for these characters, but Jaws (played by Richard Kiel in The Spy Who Loved Me and Moonraker), and May Day (played by Grace Jones in A View to a Kill) are certainly memorable.

Christopher Lee as Scaramanga in The Man with the Golden Gun Michael Lonsdale as Hugo Drax in Moonraker

Richard Kiel as Jaws in The Spy Who Loved Me

Grace Jones as May Day in A View to a Kill

And, just so we don’t get grief from NICO.D. over at Technology4Democracy again, we’ve deliberately excluded Blofeld. He’s too big for this list.

So, anyone else we missed?

Top 10 Villains in James Bond Movies

Top 10 Favorite James Bond Villains

The fact that we are enjoying the 50th year of James Bond movies what with all the releases of this and that, caused us to reflect on the James Bond movie franchise again after so many months since our last posts. On our way home from work, we were quoting some of our favorite Bond lines, one of which is “Once is happenstance. Twice is coincidence. The third time it’s enemy action,” by Goldfinger. It’s an immensely transportable quote. Its usage could apply anywhere (although perhaps the sub-phrase “enemy action” should be replaced with an appropriate alternative depending on the situation).

Anyway, we thought it would be interesting to revisit the villains of the Bond movies and have a go at sorting them from benign to deadly. When everything was shaken out, we came up with a list of the Top 10 Villains in James Bond Movies. Since the term “Top 10” is ambiguous, we’ll provide our definition for purposes of this particular list. Here are our criteria:

  • Character appeal: How engaging is the character (for example, do we “love” hating the villain)?
  • True Contender: Does the villain give Bond a real work out mentally, physically, or both?
  • Scope: How big an impact does the villain have on the story?
  • Actor/Actress: How well is the role played?
James Bond dressed as a clown from Octopussy

If our list was about villains that almost destroyed the franchise rather than Bond himself, the decision to put James Bond in a clown outfit in Octopussy takes it all. The only things missing were Ewoks.

Und zo, here is our list of the Top 10 Villains in James Bond Movies. First the short list in descending order:

10 Karl Stromberg The Spy Who Loved Me
9 Xenia Onatopp Goldeneye
8 Le Chiffre Casino Royale
7 Fiona Volpe Thunderball
6 Alec Trevelyan Goldeneye
5 Emilio Largo Thunderball
4 Ernst Stavro Blofeld On Her Majesty’s Secret Service
3 Raoul Silva Skyfall
2 Auric Goldfinger Goldfinger
1 Dr. No Dr. No

And here we explain the list.

James Bond Villain Karl Stromberg from the movie The Spy Who Loved Me#10. The bottom of the list was the hardest since there are many that just didn’t quite make the cut. Coming in at the #10 is Karl Stromberg from The Spy Who Loved Me.

Character appeal: Stromberg is a megalomaniac with a utopian vision. This type of character appears more than once in Bond films, but unlike Hugo Drax in Moonraker, for example, Stromberg’s vision is more idealistic than elitist. Hugo is a glorified Nazi, whereas Stromberg is more like Captain Nemo. One has to have a bit of sympathy for Stromberg’s vision, deluded though it may be.

True Contender: Sure. Stromberg has the capital, the army (navy really), and a plan that puts Bond in a frantic race to defeat him before time runs out.

Scope: Well, world destruction and reconstruction after nuclear war is as big as it gets.

Actor/Actress: Curd Jürgens‘ portrayal of a delusional villain with a world weary vision is completely credible … in the James Bond Universe, of course.

James Bond Villain: Xenia Onatopp from the movie Goldeneye#9. Unfortunately for the ladies, there has been only one true leading female villain (Elektra King in The World is Not Enough), so most of the villainy offered up by women has been through a supporting role. Our choice for #9 is not a bone toss to the women of Bond, however. Xenia Onatopp from Goldeneye is a deadly opponent worthy of respect.

Character appeal: Xenia is gorgeous. She’s also nuts. We want her to be sexy, but she’s pretty much just nuts.  Her unpredictability and violent fury makes her very dangerous. Plus,  Bond’s most vulnerable when it comes dealing with femme fatales.

True Contender: Uh, yeah. She can crush a man’s rib cage with her freaky leg grip thing. Xenia gives Bond a true gender-crossing thrashing for the first time since May Day scared him silly in A View to a Kill.

Scope: Pretty small, actually, because of the supporting role, but still, the main villain (Alec Trevelyan) relies heavily on her to protect him as he goes about his nefarious plans.

Actor/Actress: Famke Janssen is a very believable physical threat. She’s athletic and aggressive, but she also has the ability to reign in her sociopathy and come off as a refined woman when needed. Well, sort of.

James Bond Villain: Le Chiffre from the movie Casino Royale#8. Le Chiffre from the Daniel Craig debut, Casino Royale, is next.

Character appeal: He’s actually a pawn, we come to learn, but he holds his own when confronting James Bond. We like that most of the best danger takes place around a baccarat table.  It takes an interesting character to pull off such a subtle battle.

True Contender: Given Bond’s ego and passion for card games, Le Chiffre is indeed a dangerous fellow for Bond to tackle. Rather than besting Bond physically, Chiffre actually pulls off a better coup by beating him at the casino match.

Scope: Again, not huge, but there’s a hint of a much larger game underfoot.

Actor/ActressMads Mikkelsen is a good looking dude, no doubt. Combine that with an exotic eye and he’s mesermerizing. Like some of the other villains, it’s the subtly of his villainy that is so captivating. Mads pulls it off nicely.

James Bond Villains: Fiona Volpe from the movie Thunderball#7. We’ll probably get hell for this but bear with us. Fiona Volpe in Thunderball is another supporting female character that deserves accolades because she actually presents more of a threat at some points in the movie than the main villain.

Character appeal: We love that she is absolutely immune to James Bond’s charms. She not only can’t be seduced, she mocks James Bond’s limitations. That’s a big ouch for the Man from MI-5. She’s just generally downright mean, too. And she’s completely flip about it! Fiona  literally doesn’t care about anyone and leaves not just Bond but everyone else with lower self esteem after they’ve met her.

True Contender: Well, James had to go hunt around for his balls after taking on Fiona. That can certainly affect a man whose virility may be the difference between saving the world and whimpering in a corner.

Scope: Pretty small, but highly explosive.

Actor/ActressLuciana Paluzzi pulls off “smug” perfectly.

James Bond Villain: Alec Trevelyan from the movie Goldeneye#6. What’s the worst possible type of villain? The one you think is your close friend. Betrayal cuts right to the core. So it is with Alec Trevelyan in Goldeneye.

Character appeal: We like Alec right from the start. He and James have got each other’s backs. They’re daring, heroic, and loyal. So, a vengeful villain that is personally invested in the destruction of James Bond in addition to his much larger villainous plans makes him even more interesting.

True Contender: Bond and Trevelyan share the same training, skills, and intimate knowledge about each other. So, it’s like Bond fighting Bond.

Scope: Big. His plans call for a good old fashioned last hurrah of Cold War villainy.

Actor/Actress: Sean Bean just seems to have one of those faces that says “Yep, I’m the bad guy.” That was actually why we were caught off guard in the first few minutes of the film. Yeah, we’re slow, but once it was clear that Alec was the baddie, Sean eased into the role and made us dislike him very much.

James Bond Villain: Emilio Largo from the movie Thunderball#5. Speaking of good old fashioned fun … Largo (Thunderball) is the epitome of the self-possessed megalomaniac that is the foundation on which good classical Bond films are made.

Character appeal: Yeah, he’s sinister alright. And the eye patch makes him even more scary. It’s not surprising that Fiona Volpe is his underling. They’re just a bad crowd and Largo is smack-dab in the middle of doing bad things because he’s just bad.

True Contender: Yes. He’s smart. He’s ruthless.

Scope: He’s a big one. As Number 2 in SPECTRE, he has a large network of resources to unfold his sinister plan of stealing nuclear warheads and holding the super powers ransom.

Actor/ActressAdolfo Celi plays Largo convincingly. His physical appearance along belies bad-assedness. His sharp eyes and cruel mouth (Fleming used that expression for James Bond himself, but it can most certainly apply here) would make anyone who’s got common sense, back their bus waaaay up. Did we mention the eye patch?

James Bond Villain: Ernst Stavro Blofeld in the movie On Her Majesty's Secret Service#4. The version of Blofeld in On Her Majesty’s Secret Service is our favorite. Yes, purists will complain that Blofeld shouldn’t be an American. Well, Nick Fury isn’t black in the Marvel comics (and the back-story pretty much would have to make him white), but Samuel L. Jackson plays that role neatly.

Character appeal: It’s Blofeld, for crying out loud. He’s the iconic number one baddie.

True Contender: Uh-huh. Bond pretty much gets his ass handed to him when Blofeld’s involved. Blofeld is almost always one step ahead of Bond, until the inevitable “Flaw” unravels the whole thing.

Scope: As big as it gets. The world always hangs in the balance when Blofeld hatches a plan.

Actor/Actress: Telly Savalas is a great actor regardless of whether you thought he belonged in Blofeld’s role. Maybe it would have been better to just name him some other villain for the benefit of those that don’t like the connection.

James Bond Villain: Raoul Silva in the movie Skyfall#3. Skyfall was a fantastic film for so many reasons including the fact that it was refreshingly un-Bondesque. It has been time for a shake up. Times have changed and so should the character. Anyway, like Alec Trevelyan and Elektra King, Raoul Silva is the formulaic betrayed and vengeful character that has proven to be a good convention for a Bond villain. The stories are richer because the personal connection complicates Bond. It’s the same reason the Bourne movies are so enjoyable. Trust destroyed can be a powerful catalyst for bad things to happen.

Character appeal: MI-5 agents are immensely resourceful, talented, and intelligent. So, it stands to reason that a agent particularly good at being good, could be even worse if he turned bad. Revenge is a dish best served bold.

True Contender: Yes. Silva is a fantastically adept villain with a very well developed plan.

Scope:  Kind of a mixed bag. Ultimately, Silva wants to take M down. The collateral damage is unimportant. In that way, the Scope gets big. And did we mention a well developed plan?

Actor/Actress: Who doesn’t like Javier Bardem? The man oozes talent and charisma.

James Bond Villain: Auric Goldfinger in the movie Goldfinger#2. This one is very hard because we can see #1 and #2 swapping places depending on our mood and view. But in the end, we think Auric Goldfinger belongs at #2.

Character appeal: Goldfinger is a big ego. He’s happy to get what he wants regardless of the collateral damage, but unlike Silva, he’s just flat out selfish and that makes him more dangerous since he really can’t be reasoned with and he’s not likely to succumb to poor judgment due to emotional impairment. He sees enemies everywhere and simply eliminates them, no questions asked.

True Contender: Goldfinger has a well organized criminal network at his disposal. Bond has his charm, Felix Leiter, and dumb luck. And there you have it.

Scope: Bombastic. For a change, he’s not about a Utopian world or global terror. He just wants all the gold he can get his chubby paws on.

Actor/Actress: It’s hard to think of anyone else in that role other than Gert Fröbe. With his piercing stare, his sinister laugh, and perpetual look of annoyance bordering on anger, Gert makes us really dislike Goldfinger. Yes, we root for his success to a degree just because we want to see him pull off the greatest heist ever, but really, in the end, we just want the bastard dead. Gert drills into that sentiment dead center.

James Bond Villains: Dr. No in the movie Dr. No#1. OK, this one may seem like the safe bet, but time and again, we keep coming back to it. Dr. No is the one that started it all. All villains are measured against him.

Character appeal: Well, if you like James Bond, you can’t not like Dr. No. He is the yin to Bond’s yang. He’s our first peak at how sinister and powerful SPECTRE is. He is super intelligent and ruthless. And, he can lead a criminal organization like there’s no tomorrow.

True Contender: Bond almost doesn’t save the day. A couple of errors in judgment on the part of a pre-occupied and miscalculating Dr. No is enough to give Bond the time and space to strike. And, unlike other members of SPECTRE that prove to be more cerebral than brawny, Dr. No is both. Bond could just as easily have died in his metallic hands.

Scope: Again, Dr. No sets the standard of big villain, big villainy.

Actor/Actress: We love subtle performances. If they are well done, they are usually more poignant to us than the over-the-top ones. Joseph Wiseman plays a dangerously quiet man who is one moment all business and then swiftly ruthless on his whim.

There you have it. Did we miss someone? Let us know if you think differently.

Casting George Lazenby for OHMMS

James Bond moviesIf you’ve read any of our other James Bond posts, you’ll know that we fall into that camp of fans that actually like George Lazenby and love OHMSS (On Her Majesty’s Secret Service). This piece by LIFE is an interesting look behind the scenes. Looking at the pool of candidates, we have to agree with the ultimate casting decision and we would have loved to have seen George in other films. As we note in other posts, we’re not big Roger Moore-as-Bond fans.

George LazenbyIt’s interesting what George thought about the Bond franchise. He felt that the films had probably run their course and were making way for a new generation of films with liberated storytelling (we think that’s supposed to mean that stodgy old bureaucrats and dapper spies were going by the way-side), so on the advice of his agent, he turned down a seven-picture deal.  As boggling as that is, it’s probably worth noting that movie storytelling was shifting and had the Bond filmmakers stayed pat with the tried and true formula, the run would have ended. To that end, Roger Moore may have been the perfect Bond for the times since tongue-in-check goofiness became a more current mood for movies in the laid-back 1970s. In fact, it’s safe to say that adaptability to contemporary sensibilities has helped the Bond machine successfully shift with each generation. Think about it; 23 films, for crying out loud! And all of them at least OK money makers with most big box office successes. Wow. And to think it all started out with a little piece of ornithology.

Well, as for the “what ifs” regarding George’s could-have-been future as a Bond-man … the things we’ll never know, we suppose.

James Bond

See? He was right. He would have sucked as a 1970s James Bond. Good call, George. Now go get a haircut ya damn hippie!

George Lazenby the actor

Skyfall trailer!

James Bond

It’s out! The first trailer for the 23rd outing in the James Bond franchise: Skyfall. Release date in the US is November 9, 2012.

Daniel Craig


Skyfall 007

Skyfall 007


James Bond

We posted pictures and information on Skyfall and Sam Mendes, the director, in a previous post: Skyfall set pictures.

We have several additional posts on James Bond related news, pictures, reviews, trading cards, etc. Do a search for “james bond” in the search box above or click on the link on the phrase list to the right.